Broom, plant and cultivation. On this page we will provide you with all the useful information for growing gorse plants in pots or in the ground.
Broom, description of the plant
Therustic gorsethey offer generous, fragrant and showy blooms. It is aboutshrubs typical of the Mediterranean, with golden yellow flowers that spontaneously thrive in clearings and along stony, arid and sunny slopes. They can be easily observed in the coastal environments of Southern Italy, in the sunny places of the Apennines and on the Islands.
ThegorseI'mplantsrustic to grow easily in your garden. They lend themselves well to the cultivation ofrock garden, ditches, slopes or other areas that are difficult to cultivate.
If you intend to set up amediterranean garden, you can associate thegorseto plants like thecistus, myrtle and mastic.
Thegorsethey can offer generous blooms even in the driest climates and on the driest soils. The plant blooms in the spring-summer period.
Gorse, garden plants
Speak aboutgorseto grow in the garden is not easy. Thegorsecultivated for ornamental purposes are many and are part of different botanical genera. What differs is not so much the flowering as the size that the different plants can reach depending on the species they belong to.
Variety of gorse
Among the most common species and varieties suitable for garden cultivation (both in pots and in the ground) we point out:
- Broom of the charcoal burners (Cytisus scoparius)
it develops mainly in height. The flowers are strongly scented. From the species are obtained different varieties from flowering with different colors (Boskoop Ruby with red flowers, Marie Burkwood with pale pink flowers).
- Broom lydia
it is characterized by a very dense flowering, so abundant that it does not reveal the shrub parts. This species is thorny, it can be grown in pots or placed on dry stone walls, in full sun. Water sparingly and pruning after flowering is recommended.
- Sweet broom (Spartium junceum)
it is characterized by the strong scent of the inflorescences. It is known asSpanish broomorcommon broom. Given the intense fragrance, it is recommended to grow it in the garden, in the ground, rather than on the balcony or terrace.
September is the ideal time for multiplication by broom cuttingwhile who wants to startcultivatethisplantstarting from the seed, it will have to wait for spring. In September or towards the end of summer (depending on the seasonal climatic trend), when the flowering begins to be excessively mature, you can collect the seeds of the rustic gorse that thrive spontaneously in nature.
Here are some tips about thecultivation of broomsin pot or in the garden:
- In the early periods of growth, the roots ofbroomthey are rather delicate: at the time of planting (in pots or in the garden) it is advisable to handle the plant with extreme caution.
- In case of cultivation in pots, choose a large and above all deep container, the roots ofbroom plantsthey grow deep.
- The most suitable period for the planting ofbroom plantsit is autumn (from October to November) or the beginning of spring. In the same period you can provide for repotting.
- Thegorsethey do not need abundant irrigation. Who cultivatesgorsein the garden it can be limited to emergency irrigation only in the middle of summer. Who cultivatespotted gorse plantsinstead, he will have to be more careful and irrigate with some regularity but not assiduously.
The multiplication of thebroomit is very simple to perform. At the end of summer, all you have to do is cut off a 2-year-old lignified branch with a length of about 20 cm. Shorten the twigs and bury it for 6 - 7 cm in a jar with a diameter of 8 - 10 cm. The jar will need to be filled with very porous soil (a mixture of garden earth, sand and peat, in equal parts).
The jar should be kept in a semi-shaded position and kept moderately moist. The cutting should emit new roots within a couple of months but will be ready for planting in the open field or in pots only in the following autumn (after a year!).
How to prune the broom
For all information on broom pruning you can refer to our dedicated article: Broom: pruning