Gastroenteritis in dogs: symptoms, causes and treatment

There gastroenteritis in dogs it is a rather common disease just as it is for humans but for this reason we must not fall into the error of thinking that we can perfectly treat our animal friends, transferring the treatments we use for us to them, and doing the same also for diagnosis.

Better to stop for a second, observe our animal carefully and contact a veterinarian, telling the symptoms and the situation. The signs of the presence of the gastroenteritis in dogs they are not always easy to identify but it is important not to wait too long to intervene because there is a risk of dehydration.

Gastroenteritis in dogs: description

Gastroenteritis is also generally known as gastrointestinal infection and it is nothing more than inflammation of the inner membrane of the gastrointestinal tract. The affected parts are therefore the small intestine or stomach. There are various forms of Gastroenteritis in dogs, the acute, the persistent and the chronic, in any case concerns the gastric mucosa and intestinal mucosa.

In dogs, it is very common in puppies especially dal weaning up to six months of life and the most affected part is that of the small intestine of the gastrointestinal tract. It may happen that the infection concerns the initiated part of the small intestine or the final part: in these cases it is even more dangerous because it will most likely expand reaching other components of the digestive system.

One of the most common causes of the Gastroenteritis in dogs, is the intake of liquids contaminated with bacteria. For dogs, there are also hemorrhagic and viral gastroenteritis. The viral one is canine parvovirus which attacks mainly puppies and is highly contagious and lethal. It is not the only viral infection to be on guard against, the life of our puppies is also endangered by distemper, for example, which, however, is transmitted by air or by contact with the fluids of an infected animal.

There hemorrhagic gastroenteritis in dogs, it can cause the appearance of blood in the animal's vomit and feces. At the base of this disease there is very often a food problem, the age most at risk is that between 30 days and 6 months of life, just when the puppies are not yet vaccinated.

Be it one Viral Gastroenteritis in Dogs than hemorrhagic, it is always better to contact a veterinarian because it is a serious and potentially fatal disease.

Gastroenteritis in dogs: symptoms

Vomiting and diarrhea in dogs are the most common symptoms, but there are several, let's see some of them, taking into account that the main victims of this disease are puppies and very old dogs, as well as those who have never been vaccinated. Liquid diarrhea, constant vomiting with foam or yellow vomit, abdominal cramps, loss of appetite and thirst, apathy, dehydration. Fever accompanied by tachycardia can also come

In the case of hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, it should be noted if there is blood in the dog's stool or vomit. If you see it, it is essential to go to the vet immediately without wasting time because bleeding can also cause cardiac arrest or even death of the animal.

Gastroenteritis in dogs: causes

An alteration of the mucous membranes of the digestive system such as that at the base of gastroenteritis can have various causes. It is usually the dog he came into contact with infectious agents ingesting contaminated food or drink but also the mere proximity of other infected dogs can be compromising.

Among the main causes of gastroenteritis we find the viral infections, bacterial or those caused by fungi, parasites, contact with other sick dogs and ingestion of food in poor condition, toxic plants, contaminated water. Even an insect bite and one stressful situation, they can cause Gastroenteritis as well as sudden changes in diet or the ingestion of food toxins that can cause irritation and affect the immune system. Sometimes the causes are due to the allergens contained in industrial dog food.

Gastroenteritis in dogs: treatment

When the reason for the illness, symptomatic treatment is performed to accelerate recovery but it is important to rely on a veterinarian to supervise the treatment. Among the remedies that can be useful are fasting or a semi-liquid diet and hydration.

When the dog is very sick, it is better to leave it on an empty stomach for 24 hours after he has vomited, to rest his stomach. After the set hours, small amounts of food can be reintroduced to avoid straining the stomach for a couple of days, then he can eat and recover. Before starting the diet again as if nothing had happened, a semi-liquid diet based on boiled rice and chicken for a couple of days is better, to help the stomach recover.

Another important recommendation concerns hydration. There gastroenteritis makes the dog lose a lot of fluids and minerals and it is very important to replenish them to prevent the dog from being sick and wasting away. Isotonic drinks diluted with a little water can also be useful to replenish lost mineral salts more quickly.

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Video: What causes gastritis in dogs? Best and Top Health FAQs (January 2022).